- HTML/CSS: Although not programming languages in the traditional sense, HTML and CSS are fundamental for front-end development. HTML is used for creating the structure and content of web pages, while CSS is used for styling and layout.
- Python: Python is a versatile language often used for back-end development. Popular frameworks like Django and Flask enable developers to build robust web applications quickly. Python is also commonly used for scripting, data analysis, and machine learning tasks.
- Ruby: Ruby is a dynamic, object-oriented language commonly associated with the Ruby on Rails framework. Ruby on Rails provides a full-stack development framework, making it easier to build web applications with less code.
- Java: Java is a widely-used language with a vast ecosystem and is often employed for enterprise-level applications. Java offers frameworks like Spring and JavaServer Faces (JSF) for building scalable back-end systems.
- C#: C# (pronounced C-sharp) is primarily used with the Microsoft .NET framework for building web applications on the Windows platform. It is a robust language that offers features for both front-end and back-end development.
- PHP: PHP is a server-side scripting language that has been traditionally used for web development. It powers popular content management systems (CMS) like WordPress and frameworks like Laravel.